Perched on the banks of the Natisone river, Cividale del Friuli has developed and maintained in the centuries a 'noble and stern print as a vital capital of strategic importance, marked and enriched by the passage of foreign people, Lombards and Franks.
Let's start to explore the city through the Natisone river on the Devil's Bridge, and starting from the heart of the historical center, Piazza del Duomo.
Your eyes are immediately captured by the imposing Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta, whose luminous facade in white stone the clear signs of his moments of building.
The building has been built from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century, in Gothic style veneto.La measured interior grandeur offers many of admiration ideas: among others the wonderful silver altarpiece of Pellegrino II, on the altar, in embossed silver leaf with fire gilding, which is one of the Italian's art of medieval.
On the left aisle there is a large wooden crucifix of the '200 and moving on to the right, leads to the Christian Museo, which houses some precious masterpieces of Lombard sculpture.
Noteworthy is the Battistero di Callisto, a 'octagonal shrine, adorned with beautiful carved decorations, dating back to the mid' eighth century and, above all, the Altar of Ratchis, dedicated eponymous king of the Lombards, duke of Cividale: you This is a parallelepiped in stone of lavishly decorated Karst region, considered one of the most important artistic events of the Middle Ages.
On the outside, in Piazza del Duomo and Nordis us pause in front of the palace, built in the late '400, or the Palazzo dei Provveditori Veneti, which closes as a scenic backdrop to the east side of piazza. Erected in 1565, in all probability designed by Palladio, now houses the Archaeological National Museum.
Taking the Corso, the main street of the town, you will dip more ancient soul of Cividale, to Piazza Paolo Diacono, animated daily from the picturesque market of costermongers Surrounded by ancient and interesting buildings, with traces of frescoes and windows underscored by terracotta frames, èdedicata the most famous historic Lombard, the house which, remembered by a plaque, stood in this very square.
Leaving the square and going between the streets, past the imposing walls of fortifications that surround the majestic gates of the city, you will encounter churches that behind the Autera stone facade, often hide unexpected treasures: as an altarpiece by Palma il young in San Pietro to Faces or ceiling
frescoed the church of San Silvestro and San Valentino.
Not to mention the purity of the lines of San Francisco, located in the homonymous square next to Pontotti-Brosadola building, whose outer leaves foresee the beauty.
Built in full '700, between the marble staircase and the beautiful ballroom retains the best of Cividale frescoes that gives a glance of unique and lavish concomitantly.
Retracing their steps, just behind the Cathedral, the air you breathe knows of ancient eco Lombard, here more than ever.
Not far away, behind the church St. John the Baptist, you are in the church square, on which, in addition to the small Church of St.Biagio, opens the hanging passage, between the magic of the green on the walls, leading to the famous Lombard Temple, the highest expression of the high western Middle Ages the building of 'the eighth century, the beautiful panorama over the Natisone that It flows between the deep and steep walls. Via Monastero Maggiore, with characteristic uneven cobblestones, leading directly Celtic Hypogeum, curious and interesting complex of artificial caves, dug at various levels and reachable by steep but evocative steps.
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